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Iliana Pavlova



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9 Important Things to Know for Brewing the Perfect Cup of Coffee

Good morning, there!

Do you enjoy your cup of coffee?


Coffee is undoubtedly one of the world's best-loved beverages and something very personal, so the right way to make it is how you prefer it best.

By following just a few very basic things you can perfect brewing your morning's cup of coffee. That being said I would like to encourage you also to experiment with different origins, roasts or preparation methods.

Read on the below 9 important things which I consider are the essentials for preparing every single great cup of coffee.


1)Coffee Beans flavor

 coffee beans flavour

Great coffee cup starts with great beans.Coffee beans flavor depends on the country of origin, the region of origin, the variety of bean (i.e. arabica, robusta - or a blend), the roast type and the selected texture of your grind.As you maybe know there are many different types of coffee species, but still most of the beans produced and used can be divided into two main species: Robusta and Arabica.If you don't know what is the difference between Robusta and Arabica, then I can share it with you.Basically, the majority of the coffee produced and sold in the world today is Arabica.This type usually has a sweeter, softer taste.On the other hand, Robusta is much stronger, bitter and sharper flavor as a taste and it's usually used in many types of espressos or really strong coffee drinks.

The flavor of your coffee and its quality is not just determined by your preferred brewing process, but also by the type of coffee you select.

Tip: There can be a significant difference between various roasts, so check out some roasting types guides, before buying coffee.


2)Beans Freshness

Always try to purchase coffee as soon as possible after it’s roasted. Freshly roasted coffee is essential to a quality cup, so buy your coffee in small amounts (ideally every week) and store it properly in order to keep it as flavorful and fresh as possible.

While there are many choices of coffee and ways of brewing it, remember that there is no right or wrong — for example, you can choose a flavorful dark espresso roast coffee and still have it ground to be brewed in a drip system.

Tip: Just have fun trying and experiment.



 coffee grind

Always grind your beans as close to the brew time as possible to preserve its freshness. A burr or mill grinder is best because the coffee is ground to a consistent size.  

The size of the grind is hugely important to the taste of your coffee. If your coffee tastes flat, it may be under-extracted, meaning your grind is too coarse and on the other hand, if your coffee tastes bitter, maybe the grind is too fine.

Tip: If you're having the coffee ground to order, tell the professionals where you buy your coffee exactly how you will be brewing it.Will you be using an Espresso machine?Or a French Press?  A flat or cone drip filter? A gold mesh filter? Then they will grind it specifically for your preparation method.



The water you use is very important to the taste of your coffee. If your tap water is not good or has a strong odor or taste, such as chlorine, then use filtered or bottled water.  

Avoid distilled or softened water, because they are not good for you and for the quality of the brewed coffee.

Tip: If you’re using tap water be sure to use cold water, so, let it run before filling your coffee pot, for a while.


5)Coffee-to-Water Ratio

Different people recommend different ratio, but as a general guideline, I use two to three tablespoons of ground coffee for every six ounces of water.

Tip: There is a term named Golden ratio, but this, of course, depends on your type of coffee, brew method and it should be adjusted in order to match individual taste preferences.   


6)Water Temperature

The water temperature should be always between 195 to 205 degrees Fahrenheit for optimal extraction. Water that is too hot will cause a loss of quality in the taste of the coffee.If you are brewing the coffee manually, let the water come to a full boil, then turn off the heat source and allow the water to rest a minute before pouring it over the grounds.On the other hand, colder water will result in tasteless (flat or under-extracted) coffee.

Tip: Remember though - cold brew does not need any heat.


7)Brewing Time

sand clock

Another important flavor factor for our great cup of coffee is the amount of time that the water is in contact with the coffee grounds.  If the brew time is too long this will result in over-extracting, while if the brew time is too short, then the coffee will be under-extracted (with flat taste).

If you are making your coffee using a French Press, the contact time should be between 2 and 4 minutes. Espresso has an especially brief brew time — the coffee is in contact with the water for just about 25-30 seconds. Cold brew, on the other hand, should steep overnight. In a drip system, the contact time should be about 5 minutes.

Tip: Experiment with the brewing time until you get the desired balance for your taste.



All equipment used for preparing the great cup of coffee must be thoroughly cleaned after each use. Filters, grinders, machines, you name it.

This will guarantee your next cup of coffee will have again brilliant flavor and taste.

Tip: Applicable to any type of equipment used for brewing



Always involve passion when making your perfect cup of coffee.

Tip: This will help you to start a successful day and maybe something new and exciting.



In my opinion, the perfect coffee cup depends on 8 simple things, plus a large dose of passion: the type of beans, the freshness of the beans, the grind, the water, the coffee-to-water ratio, the water temperature, the equipment and passion involved.How about having a cup of perfect coffee now?





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